Funding: NIAAA R01AA13750
Work to be carried out in this competing continuation builds on that previously undertaken, which compiled and analyzed data from the 12-site World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborative Study on Alcohol and Injuries with that from 33 emergency room (ER) sites in eight countries comprising the Emergency Room Collaborative Alcohol Analysis Project, all of which used a similar study design and questionnaire in interviewing probability samples of ER patients. This competing continuation will explore in more depth the association of alcohol and injury with contextual variables and gaps in this research identified at an international conference on alcohol and injury, sponsored by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and co-sponsored by WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in October 2005.
Study aims include:
1) examine the magnitude of the association of alcohol and injury and risk of alcohol-related injury in relation to drinking pattern, type and cause of injury, dose-response relationship, severity and disability of injury, context of injury and drug use;
2) compare estimates of relative injury risk from alcohol across various control periods used in case crossover analysis;
3) improve estimates of the attributable risk of alcohol and injury; and
4) investigate the relationship between blood alcohol content, overall clinical assessment of intoxication, and individual clinical signs of intoxication.